Ovulating women typically produce one mature egg every 28 days. After this egg releases from the ovary, it travels into the Fallopian tube for fertilization. Ovulation induction is the stimulation of ovulation by medication. It is usually used in the sense of stimulation of the development of ovarian follicles to reverse anovulation or oligoovulation, but can also be used in the sense of triggering oocyte release from relatively mature ovarian follicles. With ovulation induction medication, the number of oocytes can be increased.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure that bypasses the cervix and places sperm into a woman’s uterus around the time of ovulation. Placing the washed sperm directly into the uterus makes the trip to the fallopian tubes much shorter. This way, there is a better chance that more sperm will make their way closer to the egg. This procedure is performed to improve a woman’s chance of getting pregnant.The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization. IUI is performed near the time that the female partner is ovulating. The IUI procedure is relatively simple and only takes a few minutes. A catheter (narrow tube) is inserted through the cervix into the uterus and the washed semen sample is slowly injected. Usually this procedure is quite painless, but some women have mild cramps.

Semen analysis is the single most important test in the evaluation of the male. The test gives an accurate measurement of number of sperm, the motility of the sperm cells, size and shape of the sperm cells and volume of the ejaculate. There is a wide range of values for each aspect of the semen analysis. Even the same individual may fluctuate in in fertility over time. Therefore, the test should be repeated periodically in the evaluation.

Meet our doctor

Dr. Shilpa & Dr. Latha N

Gynecologist, Obstetrician, Infertility Specialist, Laparoscopic Surgeon (Obs & Gyn)


Dr Shilpa M.S, DNB (OBG), FICMCH Medical Director Dr. Shilpa GB is a Consultant Gynaecologist at Shanthi Nursing Home, Bangalore. She offers services like Ultrasonography, Lab Investigations, Pap Smear, Infertility Work Up, IUI, Contraception, Antenatal Care and Breast Cancer Screening. She completed MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology from JJM Medical College, Davangere in 2005 and DNB in Obstetrics and Gynaecology in 2006. She also got training in IVF and Infertility from NUH, Singapore. Dr. Shilpa is an esteemed member of Bangalore Society of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MNAMS, and Indian Society of Colposcopy. She has also received Fellowship in Maternal & Child Health. Dr Latha N MBBS, DGO Director – Gynecologist, Obstetrician, Infertility Specialist, Laparoscopic Surgeon (Obs & Gyn) Dr. Latha N is a leading specialist in Infertility, Ultrasound and Laparoscopic Surgery with over 20 years of experience, and has an extensive training in Ultrasound and Laparoscopy at Bangalore Endoscopic Surgery Training Institute & Research Centre, Assisted Reproductive Technology course for clinicians from CREST, Singapore. Ultrasound in OBG from Dr. Nagori’s Institute of infertility, Ahmedabad. Her extensive experience extends in Hysteroscopy and Laparoscopy, Infertility management, Ultrasound-guided procedures, IVF procedures, Infertility and High-risk pregnancy.

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